Source: Slavov blog, Aug 2014
The weak interaction (beta decay), 1933
Fermi, E (1934). An attempt of a theory of beta radiation. Z. phys, 88(161), 10.
Nature Editors: It contained speculations too remote from reality to be of interest to the reader
Descriptive versus normative economic theory, 1980
Thaler, R. (1980). Toward a positive theory of consumer choice. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 1(1), 39-60.
Richard Thaler: Toward a Positive Theory of Consumer Choice was rejected by six or seven major journals
Shechtman, D., Blech, I., Gratias, D., & Cahn, J. W. (1984). Metallic phase with long-range orientational order and no translational symmetry. Physical Review Letters, 53(20), 1951.
Dan Shechtman: It was rejected on the grounds that it will not interest physicists