Source: International Society for Intelligence Research, Jul 2016
Imagination refers to the ability of creating mental representations of ideas that are not present at the time so is key to translating experience into conceptual knowledge. However, it is unclear if imagination is a cognitive ability or a trait disposition. As no reliable measures for imagination exist, its relationship with other cognitive and personality factors is poorly understood.
the findings suggest that imagination occupies a construct space that is relatively independent from cognitive ability and is more closely associated with personality, implying that imagination may be an investment trait and part of intelligence-personality interface. This notion is also supported by the preliminary results from the 3 week-long study on learning, which illustrated that imagination plays a role for the accumulation of knowledge and recall of information.